This is not an idle question without real-world consequences. The most obvious problem with defining abnormality using social norms is that there is no universal agreement over social norms.
This may lead to disorders such as conduct disorders in childhood and psychopathic [dangerously abnormal] behavior in adulthood. It is the way you think about a problem, rather than the problem itself that causes mental disorders.
In other words how should we define psychological disorders? In some societies, such as the Zulu for example, hallucinations and screaming in the street are regarded as normal behavior. If, however, the ego is weakened, then either the id or the superego, whichever is stronger, may dominate the personality.
At some time all of us feel, think or act as disturbed people would much of the time.
Most people would agree that someone who is too depressed to get out of bed for weeks at a time is suffering from a psychological disorder. Until homosexuality was considered a psychological disorder by the World Health Organization WHO but today is considered acceptable.
Behavior that was once seen as abnormal may, given time, become acceptable and vice versa. Whole industries grossing billions of dollars are built on the words "normal" and "abnormal" and on the ideas of "well" and "disordered. Other important early contributors to the field include the German psychologist Hermann Ebbinghaus —a pioneer in the experimental study of memory at the University of Berlin; and the Russian physiologist Ivan Pavlov — who investigated the learning process now referred to as classical conditioning.
In a rugby team who survived a plane crash in the snow-capped Andes of South America found themselves without food and in sub-freezing temperatures for 72 days. It is simply not right to call the absence of significant distress normal and the presence of significant distress abnormal: The statistical approach helps to address what is meant by normal in a statistical context.
Social norms also exist within a time frame, and therefore change over time. The feared object e. Abnormal psychology is the study of abnormal behavior in order to describe, predict, explain, and change abnormal patterns of functioning.
Context and Situation At any one time, a type of behaviour might be considered normal whereas another time the same behaviour could be abnormal, depending on both context and situation.In my opinion, the word normal may just as well remain an objective statistical fact.
But, in order for that to be healthy recourse, it can't be given subjective value and must be viewed contextually.
For example: It is normal for a person to feel and express negative emotion. Feb 27, · Abnormality is the significant deviation from commonly accepted patterns of behavior, emotion or thought". Normality The absence of illness and the presence of state of well being called normality.
Abnormal psychology is the study of abnormal behavior in order to describe, predict, explain, and change abnormal patterns of functioning. Topics: Psychology, Abnormal psychology, Mental disorder Pages: 1 ( words) Published: July 16, NORMALITY IS SIMPLY THE ABSENCE OF ABNORMALITY – DISCUSS.
Life is complex and things do not always go smoothly. What is abnormal behavior? Most of us would have a difficult time precisely specifying the differences between normal and abnormal behaviour.
Some psychologists have argued that abnormal behaviour is culturally defined, and that behaviour that is considered evidence of a mental disorder in one culture, would be considered normal in another. Thoughts, feelings and behaviour are viewed as normal if the individual is able to cope with living independently in society, but considered abnormal if the individual is unable to live effectively in society.
Abnormal Psychology By Saul McLeod, updated August 05, Abnormal psychology is a division of psychology that studies people who are "abnormal" or "atypical" .Download