The cost of inaction can be high. The Act also requires employers to make reasonable accommodations to allow employees to perform their job duties and provide accommodations — like interpreters — to enable disabled customers to access the goods or services the company provides.
Age Discrimination in Employment Act of —This legislation, which was strengthened by amendments in the early s, essentially protects workers 40 years of age and older from discrimination.
Subsequent court rulings augmented the act by promoting the concept of comparable worth, or equal pay for unequal jobs of equal value or worth.
It requires employers to pay covered employees who are not otherwise exempt at least the federal minimum wage and overtime pay of one-and-one-half-times the regular rate of pay. OSHA has special occupational safety and health standards for construction; The Wage and Hour Divisionunder Davis-Bacon and related acts, requires payment of prevailing wages and benefits; The Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs enforces Executive Orderwhich requires federal construction contractors and subcontractors, as well as Hrm laws regulations assisted construction contractors, to provide equal employment opportunity; the anti-kickback section Hrm laws regulations the Copeland Act precludes a federal contractor from inducing any employee to sacrifice any part of the compensation required.
Table lists additional federal laws that shape HRM practices. Social Security Act of —This law was enacted in order to protect the general welfare by establishing a variety of systems to assist the aging, the disabled, and children.
For authoritative information and references to fuller descriptions on these laws, you should consult the statutes and regulations themselves.
Wages Two separate federal laws govern HR policies on wages. Anti-Discrimination Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of prohibits discrimination against employees on the basis of "race, color, religion, sex, or national origin.
In addition to HR policies based on labor laws such as the NLRA, HR provides training to supervisors on protected activities, employee discipline, grievances and contract interpretation.
Permits individuals to sue for punitive damages in cases of intentional discrimination and shifts the burden of proof to the employer.
It is administered by the Wage and Hour Division. In addition to federal legislation, each state has its own employment law regulations, affecting such topics as records retention, labor relations, employee criminal records checks and even the mileage reimbursement requirements for employees.
Provide communication and training programs for supervisors and managers. The Fair Labor Standards Act of contains provisions for minimum wage, overtime pay, exempt and nonexempt employee classification and record keeping.
This act forbids wage or salary discrimination based on sex, and mandates equal pay for equal work with few exceptions.
Therefore, HR develops training on workplace safety topics, such as operating complex machinery, handling hazardous materials, ergonomics and blood borne pathogens. Administration and enforcement of these laws are by The Wage and Hour Division.
Benefits There are no federal or state laws that mandate benefits, such as holiday and vacation pay. These acts made illegal the discrimination against employees or potential recruits for reasons of race, color, religion, sex, and national origin.
Several exemptions to the FLSA exist, and HR managers should ensure employees are classified appropriately for their job duties. Compliance assistance and other cooperative programs are also available. American with Disabilities Act.
Taft-Hartley Act of —This law created provisions that severely restrict the activities and power of labor unions in the United States. Sexual harassment Few workplace topics have received more attention in recent years than that of sexual harassment. However, longshoring and maritime industry safety and health standards are issued and enforced by OSHA.
In addition to extensive Hrm laws regulations labor regulations, FLSA regulations also require all covered employees to be paid overtime for any hours worked over 40 in a workweek. Employers also have a general duty under the OSH Act to provide their employees with work and a workplace free from recognized, serious hazards.
OSHA also has special safety and health standards that may apply to agricultural operations. The scope of authority of the EEOC has been expanded so that today it carries the major enforcement authority for the following laws: For nonagricultural operations, it restricts the hours that children under age 16 can work and forbids the employment of children under age 18 in certain jobs deemed too dangerous.
The Americans with Disabilities Act prohibits an employer from discriminating against employees on the basis of a disability or perceived disability. Employee Protection Most labor and public safety laws and many environmental laws mandate whistleblower protections for employees who complain about violations of the law by their employers.
Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act Certain persons who serve in the armed forces have a right to reemployment with the employer they were with when they entered service.
Pregnancy Discrimination Act of The Act prescribes wage protections, housing and transportation safety standards, farm labor contractor registration requirements, and disclosure requirements. These provisions preempt many similar state laws.
Civil Rights Act of The Department of Labor (DOL) administers and enforces more than federal laws. These mandates and the regulations that implement them cover many workplace activities for about 10 million employers and million workers.
Print Human Resource Management (HRM): Laws & Regulations Worksheet 1. A company with 60 employees engages in government contract business and has revenue of $50, In addition to state laws, there are several federal laws that impact the human resource management of most businesses.
These include the Civil Rights Act, the Fair Labor Standards Act, the Family. Human Resource Management Guide (HRM) Managing people, human capital and culture - Human Resource Management (HRM) is critical for business success. HRM Guide publishes articles and news releases about HR surveys, employment law, human resource research, HR books and careers that bridge the gap between theory and practice.
Human Resources Learn more about the laws you must follow in the workplace -- and strategies and tips for staying out of legal trouble when dealing with employees. Whether you need to know more about the Family and Medical Leave Act, progressive discipline, overtime, workplace safety, employee privacy, employee handbooks, or wrongful.
Federal and state laws do far more than govern human resources policies; they protect the rights of employees and set out employers' obligations.Download