So you start with stone tools and the raw materials for a Welsh rarebit and you end up with galleons, guns and measles, all of which helped Spanish conquistadores in to overthrow an army of 80, Incas half way around the world.
These conditions are not reproduced in most other parts of the world; Diamond has a range of interesting tables, showing how few useful domesticable species there are elsewhere. As an exemplar of contact between different societies, Diamond chooses the meeting of the Spanish conquistador Pizarro and the Inca Atahuallpa at Cajamarca in Success and failure[ edit ] Guns, Germs, and Steel focuses on why some populations succeeded.
Such competition forced the European nations to encourage innovation and avoid technological stagnation. One of the supposed values of Western civilization is to care for the sick, not to deliberately spread disease.
Aboriginal Australians and the Khoikhoi population were decimated by smallpox, measles, influenza and other diseases. Many who benefit personally from the continued burning of oil and coal—from oil giants to car-engine manufacturers—are resisting attempts to shift to an economy based on renewable resources.
Australia remained a continent of hunter-gatherers, while New Guinea was one of the original centres of food production. The latter then became a scholarly Cambridge text which was reviewed in Science on 22 January. An extended argument for this, Guns, Germs and Steel is nothing less than a history of Homo sapiens on a scale of continents and millennia.
Diamond posits that the most of these diseases were only developed and sustained in large dense populations in villages and cities; he also states most epidemic diseases evolve from similar diseases of domestic animals.
Finally Diamond suggests a key difference between the continents: The son raised his ax and rushed at the murderer but was wrestled to the ground by friends; then the murderer came to the prostrate son with an ax and was also wrestled down.
But the single most significant consequence of food production was that, by creating reliable food surpluses, it allowed large, dense, sedentary, and stratified societies to come into existence.
Outline of theory[ edit ] Diamond argues that Eurasian civilization is not so much a product of ingenuity, but of opportunity and necessity. New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus.
If one is attempting to retrace the steps from the modern industrialized, highly technological, and highly specialized societies, the birth of agriculture was absolutely necessary.
Unlike a Hegelian, Diamond certainly does not ascribe any sense of necessity to cultural development, but does argue that certain things like agriculture lay down the necessary conditions for things like sedentary living, although whether further developments occur after these developments is contingent upon other factors.
We have heard all of this stuff before:Jul 11, · The documentary presents an original theory about "Guns, Germs and Steel". The series graphically portray several episodes strongly supporting the theory, and defend the theory against common criticism/10().
GUNS, GERMS AND STEEL The Fates of Human Societies also A Short History of Everybody for the Last 13, Years Jared Diamond We may or may not know who Scott Fuller is Diamond first entered the saturated pop-science book market back in with.
The world's inequalities began because some people had the means to make a meal of bread and cheese, while others did not. Tim Radford reviews Guns, Germs and Steel by. And even those who disagree with Diamond completely may appreciate Guns, Germs and Steel, many chapters of which can stand alone.
If you are looking for a last minute Christmas present, Guns, Germs and Steel is a book which should appeal to anyone who enjoys history or popular science. Guns, Germs, and Steel hasratings and 8, reviews. Molly said: This is what happens when you take an intelligent person, and casually make a f 4/5.
Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies (also titled Guns, Germs and Steel: A short history of everybody for the last 13, years) is a transdisciplinary non-fiction book by Jared Diamond, professor of geography and physiology at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA).Download