This makes basic human needs such as proper healthcare a preserve of only the well off. For those who are well off this might not seem to be such a bad way of life, as money can get you anything you want. The advent of armed operations supported by the government in Somalia has led to increased violence involving the use of improvised explosive devices and automatic weapons.
This was led by the Sabaot Land Defence Force which drew its members from the Sabaot people, who are a sub-tribe of the Kalenjin.
However, for the ordinary citizens who can barely afford to feed and support their families as it is, this dishonesty can be quite exasperating and disheartening leading to class conflict.
These have often provoked confrontations regarding access to national power and resources among political personalities, leading to political rivalries which fuel conflict at the grassroots level. Sadly, some of the tension fuelling violence has also come from political platforms, writing the political history of Kenya.
This in turn leads to conflict between individual members of different classes!!! The evident inequalities in the distribution of resources in the country result in a large number of people being left with unsatisfied needs. These class or collective interests are in conflict with those of the other class as a whole.
According to the Society for International Development on economic inequality Kenya is among 10 top unequal societies worldwide and holds the number one position for inequality in East Africa.
Based upon the estimatedsmall arms in circulation — as reported by the Small Arms Survey Special Report of June — violence in Kenya is rife. The transition to multi-party politics and, later, a constitutional transition has created new factors for conflict. This view differs from its predecessors in that it actively encourages conflict believing that any congruent, diplomatic, serene and cooperative group can become stationary and uninterested to needs for theorization and change.
The factors fuelling recruitment include the social and economic conditions faced by young menincluding deep levels of poverty, political disenfranchisement, youth unemployment and sectarian extremism, amongst others. The seaway from the Gulf of Aden into the Indian Ocean has been rife with piracy — some linked to overall international terrorism — with ships headed for the port of Mombasa often invaded by pirates.
Government schools and hospitals are characteristically dilapidated and congested and this is all the majority of the population has access to. Another 35 residents were also receiving treatment at the provincial hospital after being assaulted by the soldiers, including a chief and two pupils.
Obtaining recruits from Kenya — drawn from idle and disgruntled elements — is not proving very difficult, particularly given the inherently porous borders with Somalia. Marx argued that a class is formed when its members achieve class consciousness and solidarity.
The majority of the time, the groups with the most resources will gain or maintain power due to the fact that they have the resources to support their power.
This new view believed that conflict was inevitable and thus should be acceptable. Class conflict, also known as class struggle or class warfare is the friction or rivalry between different classes in society as result of opposing socioeconomic desires and interests.
Eventually this view was stamped out giving way to the current perspective, The Interactions View. With respect to the internal context, there are a number of issues which influence and drive conflict. Class conflict may take a variety of forms including direct and indirect violence, legal and illegal lobbying and even bribing of government officials.
Conflict was seen as a natural occurrence during interaction between groups and organizations. Therefore, this view encourages conflict, though of a minimal level, as it helps keep the group active, self-critical and imaginative. The growing injustices meted out on the lower class by powerful groups and individuals in society is a major contributor to class conflict and violence.
According to the Conflict Theory the pursuit of individual interests is the cause of conflict in society and thus should be considered an ordinary feature of social life. Sudan and Eritrea, meanwhile, have also provided safe havens for elements associated with these two terrorist entities.
The prices of basic commodities are often inflated in order to fund personal endeavors of the rich and powerful at the cost of the ordinary citizen.
This predisposes the society to conflict, both passive and active, as people fight the violation of their bottom line rules and norms. The police system is no better and traffic police officers constantly barrage motorists for bribes.
Another theory that explains the class conflict in Kenya is the Structural Violence Theory.FASID Discussion Paper Land Conflicts in Kenya: Causes, Impacts, and Resolutions Takashi Yamano 1 and Klaus Deininger 2 1 Foundation for Advanced Studies on International Development / National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies.
Kenya is a large multi-ethnic country, with over 40 different ethnic groups and many overlapping conflicts. It has high levels of sexual and gender-based violence and of intercommunal violence; low levels of persistent violence; cycles of election-related violence; and. 3. Accomplishing the Dream of National Integration in Kenya This study worked on the premise that to reach the national goal of national integration and cohesion, there is need to move beyond negative ideas of ethnocentricism and power struggles that emanate as a result of class conflict.
This conflict is evident here in Kenya, especially in the capital city of Nairobi where every social class is represented. Class conflict, also known as class struggle or class warfare is the friction or rivalry between different classes in society as result of opposing socioeconomic desires and interests.
Ethnic conflicts in Kenya occur frequently, although most are minor skirmishes. A significant increase in the severity of such conflicts between the various ethnic groups inhabiting the country was witnessed after the introduction of multi-party politics in the early s, especially during the.
e) Lack of effective models for conflict sensitivity and analysis, and for addressing the underlying drivers of conflict – at the national level, law enforcement agencies, government and the political classes lacks the necessary skills to address the types of conflict evident in Kenya.
However, the models used by the Lorupe Peace Initiative, and other efforts in Mt.
Elgon cannot be ignored; though it is important to note .Download